Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. Although primarily associated with teeth among the general public, the field of dentistry or dental medicine is not limited to teeth but includes other aspects of the craniofacial complex including the temporomandibular joint and other supporting, muscular, lymphatic, nervous, vascular, and anatomical structures.
Dental procedures are becoming much more sophisticated and involve advancing technology to prevent, diagnose and/or treat periodontal disease, caries, malocclusion and oral-facial abnormalities.
Dental or oral health is concerned with teeth, gums, and mouth. The goal is to prevent complications such as tooth decay (cavities) and gum disease and to maintain the overall health of the mouth. A healthy mouth, free of infections, injuries and other problems with teeth and gums, is important in maintaining overall health. Although a different set of medical professionals focuses on dental health, they are still part of the regular health care team. Disease and other conditions can affect dental health and dental problems can affect other parts of the body. Failing to properly care for oral health may lead to other health problems. We can help prevent or minimize many oral health problems through regular preventive steps and regular visits to dental health professionals.