London is one of the most cosmopolitan, international and diverse cities in the world. With a population of 7.8 million and more than 300 languages spoken, the people of London represent cultures from all around the globe. London has a lot of choice when it comes to nightlife, from live music to pubs, clubs and cocktail bars – many of which are free entry. It is often possible to get discounted tickets for West End shows by buying them on the day. There are also many affordable fringe performances and open-mic nights from up-and-coming performers.
London comprises four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site covering the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret's Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich. Further landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events and other cultural institutions, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the hoariest underground railway network in the world.
London is the centre of the world – and a world in one city, with a wealth of different cultures and communities across the capital. It has more than 300 languages and cuisine from over 70 countries. While English is the official language, several European languages are very widely spoken in and around London. Given the size of the large multicultural population, many other languages are also used in everyday life.
London's history stretches back over thousands of years, and the city boasts four World Heritage Sites: the Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London, Maritime Greenwich and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
There are more than 6,000 restaurants in London so you'll never be short of new places to eat. London boasts 55 Michelin Star restaurants and many celebrity chefs are based here, and there are plenty of good, cheaper options too.
According to the Globe Shopper City Index, London is Europe's best shopping destination. Whether you head to the West End, Westfield London or a quirky London market, there's a huge range of places to buy gifts, fashion, and food.
The United Kingdom has an extremely variable temperate maritime climate and is subject to rainfall and frequent weather changes. Temperatures range from 0 degrees (Celsius) in winter to a high of 32 degrees in summer. July is normally the warmest month in England.